Many Muslims mistakenly think and teach that the Qur’an came to replace the Holy Scripture of the Jews and the Christians (the Bible). There is a misconception that it became corrupted, altered, outdated, or lost. I will briefly address such allegations and provide some evidence to show the contrary.
The Qur’an confirms the previous Holy Scripture
Many years before the time of Muhammad (by ad 350), there was a uniform canon of the Bible. The Qur’an does not accuse Christians of changing the written words of their Holy Books. On the contrary, the Qur’an declares that it (the Qur’an) was given to confirm the previous revelations and not to replace them. Surah 5:48 says: “To thee [Muhammad] we sent the Scripture [Qur’an] in truth confirming the Scripture that came before it; and guarding it in safety…” This confirmation is repeated in many Surahs (Surah 2:89; 2:91, 97; 2:101; 6:92; and 46:12).
The Qur’an testifies that the Torah, the Zabur, and the Injeel are the Word of God. The testimony of the Qur’an is not ambiguous. Surah 3:3–4 states: “And He [God] sent down the Law (of Moses) and the Gospel (of Jesus) before this as a guide to mankind.”
Qur’an’s references to the Torah
Regarding the Torah, we read in Surah 5:44: “It was We who revealed the Law (to Moses) therein was guidance and light. By its standard have been judged the Jews, by the prophets who bowed (as in Islam) to Allah’s will.” In this passage, “guidance” refers to conduct, and “light” refers to spiritual insight provided by God (Allah). Other verses in the Qur’an that discuss the Torah are as follows:
“…We gave Moses the Book, completing (Our favor) to those who would do right and explaining all things in detail- and a guide and a mercy…” (Surah 6:154)
Surah 2:87 reads: “We [God] gave Moses the Book and followed him up with a succession of Messengers [Jewish prophets]…”
Please refer to Surah 4:54; Surah 28:43; Surah 32:23; Surah 40:53–54; and Surah 45:16.
The Qur’an’s references to the Zabur and Injeel
Regarding the Zabur, the Qur’an states in Surah 21:105: “Before this we [God] wrote in the Psalms…”
Regarding the Injeel, the Qur’an declares in Surah 5:46 that Christ confirmed the Torah as true and that Christ’s Gospel contains guidance, light and admonition. It reads: “And in their footsteps we sent Jesus the son of Mary, confirming the law that had come before him: We sent him the Gospel: therein was guidance and light and confirmation of the law that had come before him: a guidance and an admonition to those who fear Allah.” Please also read Surah 57:27.